Water-Related News

Mote, Eckerd scientists receive climate change/ocean acidification research grant

Mote Marine Laboratory scientist Dr. Emily Hall and Eckerd College scientist Dr. Cory Krediet recently received a Protect Our Reefs license plate grant to study ocean acidification and climate change conditions on corals using a sea anemone as a model organism.

As many as 50 percent of the marine animals, plants and other organisms in Florida’s saltwater environment depend on coral reefs or derive some benefit from reefs during their life cycles. Sadly, in some areas of Florida and the Caribbean, coral cover has declined by 50-80 percent in just the last three decades due to natural occurrences and human impacts such as climate change, ocean acidification, pollution and more.

To help stem the losses, Mote created the Protect Our Reefs specialty license plate and Grants Program, which uses the dollars raised from license plate sales for scientific research to uncover the reasons for coral declines and more.

Hall and Krediet’s Protect Our Reefs grant funded project is focused on using a sea anemone, Aiptasia, as a model system to better understand what changing temperature and pH conditions can have on corals so scientists can be better equipped to conserve corals and protect them from environmental stressors such as bleaching, climate change and ocean acidification.

Coastal Republicans warn GOP against climate denial

President Donald Trump and his congressional majority say they do not count climate change as a national threat, and indeed many of them won’t concede that it’s caused by human activity.

But climate renegades have emerged within Republican ranks and they’re accusing their GOP colleagues of being in dangerous denial.

Thirteen of the House of Representatives’ 237 Republicans are part of the Climate Solutions Caucus. Among them, Florida Republican Reps. Carlos Curbelo and Ileana Ros-Lehtinen represent south Florida, where rising sea levels pose a grave threat to coastal communities.

The bipartisan caucus, which also has 13 Democrats, was established last year to promote economically viable options to reducing the risks from climate change. Though it hasn’t proposed specific legislation, it has brought some influential voices to the cause.

Artificial mangroves could bring back vanishing habitats in Florida

A couple researchers created fake mangroves in Manasota Key to bring back marine life that was lost from development. Along Florida’s coasts are seawalls-- built to prevent the shoreline from eroding. But that defense sometimes means removing natural habitats. Experts are now trying to turn these solid barriers into thriving ecosystems.

In Englewood, the blue-green waters of Lemon Bay lightly lap against the cement wall that shields local buildings and people from potential floods. What used to be here? Red mangroves— home to fish, crabs, and also oysters, which filter the water.

"They're so attractive as an architectural kind of exhibit-- the tree itself, the way it branches, the way the roots and branches overlap and you get a kind of continuous structural network," says architect Keith Van de Riet.

He partnered with biologist Jessene Aquino-Thomas to craft artificial mangrove panels that can be tacked right on to the seawall. They look like real mangrove roots, but they’re white-- made of concrete and ground up oyster shells.

Scientists find seagrass protects against pathogens, climate change

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Seagrasses draw fertilizer runoff and other pollutants out of the water, locking them safely away in meadow soil. Scientists have estimated that an acre of seagrass provides more than $11,000 worth of filtering every year.

Every continent save Antarctica is ringed by vast stretches of seagrass, underwater prairies that together cover an area roughly equal to California.

Seagrass meadows, among the most endangered ecosystems on Earth, play an outsize role in the health of the oceans. They shelter important fish species, filter pollutants from seawater, and lock up huge amounts of atmosphere-warming carbon.

The plants also fight disease, it turns out. A team of scientists reported on Thursday that seagrasses can purge pathogens from the ocean that threaten humans and coral reefs alike. (The first hint came when the scientists were struck with dysentery after diving to coral reefs without neighboring seagrass.)

But the meadows are vanishing at a rate of a football field every 30 minutes. Joleah B. Lamb, a postdoctoral researcher at Cornell University and the lead author of the new study, said she hoped it would help draw attention to their plight.

Manatee County tomato grower wins award for responsible fertilizer use

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Gary Reeder and West Coast Tomato Win a 2017 4R Advocate Award from The Nature Conservancy

Florida’s farmers are stewards of 9.45 million acres of land and responsible for $4 billion in agricultural commodities exports. Our farmers are facing the challenge of meeting produce demands while conserving soils, supporting water quality, minimizing water usage, and protecting landscapes. The Conservancy works closely with many members of the agricultural community to help ensure best management practices are implemented to support conservation. On March 2, 2017, Conservancy partner and farmer Gary Reeder and his colleagues at West Coast Tomato were honored for their environmental stewardship and received a national 4R Advocate award from The Fertilizer Institute (TFI).

The 4R Nutrient Stewardship program promotes practices for sustainable and effective fertilizer use, focusing on the "4Rs" — the right source, right rate, right time, and right place. Reeder’s family has farmed the same land for 45 years, and he has been implementing practices aimed at efficiently using nutrients and water even before the 4R program had its name. Growing spring and fall tomatoes requires great volumes of water and careful management, and the farm’s highly efficient irrigation system allows water usage to remain below permitted water allotments. Through best practices and constant soil testing, the right nutrient decisions are made and quality plants are grown, limiting nutrient loss.

Winners will receive an expense-paid trip to the 2017 Commodity Classic, "America's largest farmer-led, farmer-focused convention and trade show", where they will be honored at an awards banquet hosted by TFI.

DEP continues to scrutinize former Palmetto golf course for housing development

PALMETTO — It’s been close to a year since the Florida Department of Environmental Protection put the brakes on building 142 homes on the old Palm View golf course in Palmetto. The project is now called Jackson’s Crossing, but DEP officials are still waiting for the developer to get them up to speed on potential hazardous materials on the site.

After months of getting incomplete data from the developer’s environmental team, DEP has set a new March 28 deadline to have additional information submitted.

Lakeland-based Highland Homes purchased the 58 acres in January 2016 for $1.4 million pending final site plan approval, just weeks after the owner announced the 50-year-old course would be closing for good. Residents surrounding the course became concerned that development would disturb soil that had been treated with chemicals for a half-century.

Republicans lead fight to ban fracking in Florida

Citing unresolved health concerns, Florida lawmakers are weighing the fate of a measure that would ban fracking across the state.

Legislators are pushing the bill to safeguard Florida’s clean water supply, which is the drinking water source for 90 percent of Floridians and a major player in the state’s economy, from agriculture to tourism.

If passed, the bill would effectively ban any type of well stimulation technique statewide. That includes fracking — a practice that requires pumping huge volumes of chemicals, sand and water underground to split open rock formation to allow oil and gas to flow.

Environmentalists say chemicals used in the process can leak into underground water sources. Because Florida sits atop porous, spongelike sedimentary limestone, environmentalists believe it is at a higher risk of chemical leaks.

The Environmental Protection Agency concluded in 2016 that fracking poses a risk to drinking water in some circumstances, but added that a lack of information on the practice makes it hard to know how severe that risk would be.

Public invited to Sarasota Fisheries Forum

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Sarasota anglers, your knowledge can help our fisheries thrive. Join local stakeholders and researchers for the 13th meeting of the Sarasota Bay Fisheries Forum, an independent, community discussion to help inform fisheries management and science. At the Forum meeting, fisheries scientists from Bonefish Tarpon Trust will discuss the importance of mangroves to Florida's fisheries. The forum will be on Thursday, April 13th, 2017, from 6–8 p.m.

The meeting is sponsored by Mote Marine Laboratory, with partners University of Florida and Florida Sea Grant.

The meeting will be in Mote Marine Laboratory's Buchanan Room. Park in Mote's Aquarium parking lot and enter through the Research Lab entrance, immediately to the left of the Aquarium main entrance. Take the elevators to the 3rd floor. The meeting is free and open to the public.

Mote Marine Laboratory
Buchanan Room (3rd floor main building)
1600 Ken Thompson Parkway
Sarasota, FL 34236

Fix water quality or Florida tourism will suffer, fishing and boating industries warn

TALLAHASSEE — The leaders of one of the nation's largest outdoors companies, a major boat manufacturer, and tourism industry officials met with Gov. Rick Scott and legislators Wednesday to make the case that urgent action is needed to end the toxic discharges from Lake Okeechobee.

They detailed how their industries suffered from the impact of the guacamole-looking toxic algae blooms and state of emergency last year. They offered statistics on how Florida is losing business to other states, warned about the social media buzz over Florida's bad water and suggested that if things don't turn now, it may take years to reverse.

"If Florida is known as a destination of subpar water quality or bad water, it would absolutely crush our local economy," said John Lai, representing the Lee County Development Association and the Sanibel/Captiva Chamber of Commerce. He said that one in five jobs in his region relies heavily on tourism but, in the last 30 years, he has watched "the complete degradation of Florida estuaries and water quality."

Plan that includes keeping toxic algae from waterways is now bigger and more expensive

A Senate plan to bond $1.2 billion in state funds to build a water storage reservoir south of Lake Okeechobee grew to become a $3.3 billion bonding program that would fund dozens of water projects around the state — from sewage treatment in Tampa Bay to wastewater treatment in the Florida Keys — all in an attempt to win wider approval for the top priority of Senate President Joe Negron.

Despite the modifications, the 5-1 vote of the Senate Environment and Natural Resources Appropriations Subcommittee for SB 10 is closer than it appeared. Many supporters expressed reservations that the expensive plan to store water is the most cost-effective solution to prevent discharges of polluted water from the lake into the St. Lucie and Caloosahatchee estuaries after those discharges led to guacamole-looking toxic algae blooms and a state emergency announced by Gov. Rick Scott in the spring and summer of 2016.

Florida scientists fear hurricane forecasts, climate research will suffer under Trump

A growing chorus of scientists is raising the alarm over reports of Trump administration budgets cuts that would affect climate change research and hurricane forecasting.

On Monday, 32 Florida scientists sent a letter to the president voicing worry over reports that the Department of Commerce, which overseas the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, has proposed cutting 17 percent from its budget, with the nation’s network of satellites taking the biggest hit. The satellites include a system of polar orbiters that provide critical data from the top and bottom of the planet and help scientists understand two of the biggest threats facing the peninsula.

Bill to strengthen pollution notification rules advances in Florida Senate

A Senate committee in Tallahassee unanimously passed a bill that would set standards for how to swiftly notify the public about pollution. It’s an issue residents in the Tampa Bay Area have grown weary of.

It's pouring rain in downtown Tampa. Standing just outside Port Tampa Bay, you can see towering cargo ships, rumbling trucks and equipment.

Justin Bloom is Executive Director of Suncoast Waterkeeper, an environmental advocacy group. He says most commercial industries like those operating at the port are highly regulated to ensure environmental safety precautions are in place.

“But extraordinary events happen, and sometimes these safety measures are ignored,” Bloom said. “You know, look at what happened with Mosaic, for example.”

It's a reference to last August, when a massive sinkhole opened under a gypsum stack at a Mosaic phosphate fertilizer plant in Polk County. 215 million gallons of contaminated water dumped into the Floridian aquifer – and it was weeks before the public knew about it.

Bloom says while that was and is a serious concern, a more significant threat is constant storm water runoff. The day-to-day pollutants on our lawns, sidewalks and driveways – not to mention toilets – on a rainy day like this, often end up in our water, especially in the summer.

Bill that would ban fracking in Florida passes Senate committee

The Senate Environmental Preservation and Conservation Committee unanimously passed landmark legislation Tuesday that would permanently prohibit fracking in Florida.

Senate bill 442, which passed by a vote of 5 to 0, already has bipartisan support from 15 Senate co-sponsors. The bill would ban unconventional “well stimulation” techniques including acid fracking and matrix acidizing.

Fracking is a method that fractures rock apart with a high-pressure mixture of water, chemicals and sand so that gas and oil are more easily released. Environmental groups disdain it because of the need for large amounts of water, and what they claim is toxic impact.

Environmental researchers warn of dangers of nitrogen fertilizer

TAMPA – Environmental researchers are urging people to look out for potentially toxic nitrogen fertilizer leaking into storm water.

This comes after recent issues with nitrogen in water, which has been linked to red tide, the loss of seagrass and toxic algae blooms on the east coast of Florida.

Leesa Souto, executive director of the Marine Resources Council in Palm Bay said nitrogen-based fertilizer in storm water cause water quality issues.

Independent researchers, including Souto, created a report for the Tampa Bay Estuary Program, looking at how people responded to ordinances banning the use of nitrogen-based fertilizers during part of the year.

Hillsborough County community had the highest estimated fertilizer nitrogen inputs, the highest fertilizer frequency, the highest percentage of professionals responsible for landscape management, and the highest estimated annual total nitrogen loads of the communities studied in Pinellas, Manatee and Hillsborough, the report found.

The Tampa Bay Estuary Program said these are the most recent numbers they have regarding fertilizer usage. The Hillsborough River Interlocal Planning Board is set to review the report on March 21.

Manatee seeks money to relieve Rubonia flooding

Area is often under water after heavy rains

MANATEE COUNTY — State legislators this week are hearing in-person appeals from Manatee County commissioners for funding and other support, with a $2.8 million request to relieve flooding in the low-income neighborhood of Rubonia being a high priority.

Platted in 1913, the subdivision north of Palmetto and south of Interstate 275, just 2 feet above sea level in some areas close to McMullen Creek and Terra Ceia Bay, frequently is under water after heavy rains that swell its ditches and make its roads impassable.

Commissioners regard their chances of securing state dollars to construct curbs, gutters and storm drain piping in Rubonia as slim — but they intend to try.

"We know money is not grown on trees in Tallahassee," Commission Chairwoman Betsy Benac said as the board reviewed the request last week. "It's going to be a tough, tough, tough sell."

Even so, commissioners want to at least attempt to get a grant before considering another option their staff is exploring.

Can we get rid of red tide? Not yet, according to Mote scientist

SARASOTA — As one of Mote Marine Laboratory's resident red tide researchers, Richard Pierce, lectured on the facts and future of red tide Monday evening, one question kept coming up from the audience: What can we do to stop red tide?

One man suggested changing the water density in red tide-affected parts of the Gulf of Mexico. A woman wondered whether alternate forms of energy could have an effect. But the consensus from the panel of Mote red tide scientists at the talk was clear: At this point, there is no sure way to eradicate red tide or even significantly lessen the concentration of the blooms of Karenia brevis, the red time organism.

"It's not currently possible to control red tides in the Gulf," Pierce, Mote's assistant vice president for research and the program manager of its Ecotoxicology team, said while concluding his lecture to a filled hall of about 150 people. "In many cases, we can reduce the risk, but we probably won't get rid of it."

In the meantime, Mote scientists have made some promising discoveries, such as an algae byproduct that could inhibit red tide growth and its toxins, according to Pierce. The Phytoplankton Ecology team, led by program manager Vincent Lovko, is working on that prospect, but both Lovko and Pierce said it was in the trial period.

Get your snorkel ready! Registration open for the 2017 Seagrass Survey

Join Sarasota County for the 3nd Annual Sarasota County Seagrass Survey on Saturday, April 29, 2017 at the Sarasota Sailing Squadron (1717 Ken Thompson Parkway, Sarasota, FL 34236). The Seagrass Survey is from 8:00am - 1:00pm (sign-in/packet pick-up for registered volunteers begins at 7:30am). If you can't volunteer for the survey, you can still join in the land-based fun, featuring hands-on activities, music, food, and more from 11am - 3:00pm. This year's event is hosted by Sarasota County and the Sarasota Bay Estuary Program.

The Seagrass Survey is a FREE citizen science event that celebrates Sarasota County’s commitment to its water resources and focuses on increasing awareness of the economic and environmental value of seagrass habitat. Survey volunteers will take to the waters around Sarasota Bay to count and identify seagrass species, in an effort to collect data for the County's Seagrass Monitoring Program. Registered volunteers will receive a free t-shirt and free lunch voucher (redeemable at one of the food truck vendors present at the event).

Free public parking is available at Ken Thompson Park (1700 Ken Thompson Parkway), across from the entrance to the Sarasota Sailing Squadron.

Seagrass Survey & Festivities Agenda:
7:30am - 8:00am: Volunteer Sign-In/Packet & Equipment Pick-up.
8:00am - 9:00am: Volunteer Orientation & Training.
9:00am - 12:00pm: Data Collection (Survey).
11:00am - 3:00pm: Educational exhibits, hands-on activities, music, food, and more! FREE and open to the public.
12:00pm: Volunteers Return (Check-In). Each survey volunteer will receive a free lunch voucher that can be used at any food truck vendor at the SeagrassFest upon checking data sheets & field equipment back in.
12:00pm - 1:00pm: Seagrass Survey Volunteer Luncheon.

For more information, please visit:
Sarasota County Government: http://www.scgov.net (search "seagrass")
Sarasota County Water Atlas: http://www.sarasota.wateratlas.usf.edu/seagrass/

Register now for Charlotte Harbor Watershed Summit, Mar. 28-30

Join CHNEP March 28-30 at its seventh Charlotte Harbor Watershed Summit: Showcasing Our Accomplishments. Charlotte Harbor Event & Conference Center (75 Taylor St, Punta Gorda)

The Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program (CHNEP) is a partnership to protect and restore water resources of Florida from Venice to Bonita Springs to Winter Haven. Thanks to the Planning Committee, the 2017 Summit will be an opportunity to share the latest research findings and to network. Sessions include:

Tuesday morning: Water Quality and Quantity - New Tools (8:45 am to 11:50 am)
Tuesday afternoon: Water Quality and Quantity - Monitoring and Assessment (1 pm to 3:30 pm)
Wednesday morning: Habitat and Living Resources - Plants (8:45 am to 11:50 am)
Wednesday afternoon: Habitat and Living Resources - Stewardship (12:55 pm to 4 pm)
Thursday morning: Habitat and Living Resources - Fish (8:45 am to 11:50 am)
Thursday afternoon: Habitat and living resources - Reptiles, Invertebrates and Shellfish (1:05 pm to 3:50 pm)

Projects will be featured each day in various formats: 20-minute, 10-minute and 5-minute "lightning presentations" and poster presentations.

Please register by March 20 at https://chnepsummit2017.eventbrite.com.

The agenda is available online: Showcasing Our Accomplishments Agenda.

You may attend if you aren't able to register by March 20 but refreshments will be based on the March 20 registration counts.

The 2017 Summit is free to attend, lunch will only be available for purchase ($15) to those who pre-pay by March 20 through the EventBrite registration page. (Food can't be brought into the Event Center; there are many off-site lunch options within easy walking distance.)

Red tide suspected of killing Manatees in Gulf

SARASOTA, Fla. --Red Tide it’s out in the Gulf of Mexico and depending on the wind’s direction it can ruin a trip to the beach.

“You start to cough, cough sometimes eyes get very itchy,” says Pasqua Rago, she’s visiting from New Jersey.

But beach goers can pack up and leave marine life isn’t as lucky.

“This is a shame, wow,” says Pasqua Rago as she reacts to this photo of a manatee washed up on Siesta Key Tuesday and then on Wednesday another manatee was found dead in Englewood. This brings this week’s total to eight manatees so far this week between Bradenton and Charlotte County.

“We’re dealing with endangered species…we’re really concerned,” says Gretchen Lovewell, a staff scientist and stranding manager for Mote Marine.

Mote Marine has been assisting FWC with rescues and recoveries. FWC reports another 11 manatee deaths by March 5th, all suspected of red tide and bringing this year’s total to 19. The cause of death for this week’s cases are pending test results.

Lovewell says, “We’re getting a lot of calls about sick, dead or distressed sea turtles, as well as manatees.”

Lovewell says as the weather warms up, manatees return to the area, and swim right into the red tide bloom off shore.

FDEP to Issue Mitigation Bank Approval for Long Bar Pointe

The Florida Department of Environmental Protection has issued a notice of intent to give Long Bar Pointe developers Carlos Beruff and Larry Lieberman their mitigation bank permit for the controversial property.

The initial application permit had been withdrawn because it was found to include parts of a neighboring property, which it turned out Beruff and Lieberman did not own. A wetland mitigation bank is a device that allows developers to use preservation, enhancement, restoration or creation of a wetland, stream, or habitat conservation area to offset or compensate for expected adverse impacts to similar nearby ecosystems.

Long Bar Pointe is a large coastal development by Beruff's Medallion Homes, located behind IMG Academy on the last major undeveloped parcel of Sarasota Bay in Manatee County. The permit would designate a majority of the development's 522-acre shoreline a bank, hence giving them credit to mitigate destroyed wetlands associated with the development of a sub-division called Aqua by the Bay.

A suit had previously been brought against the developers and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection by Suncoast Waterkeeper, the Florida Institute for Saltwater Heritage and TBT publisher and former Manatee County Commissioner Joe McClash, seeking to stop the permit. No administrative hearing was scheduled because the permit was withdrawn.

Beruff and Lieberman had previously failed in a lawsuit challenging portions of the Manatee County comp plan and whether parts related to dredging of canals, channels and marina basins and the construction of boat ramps and restrictions to protect our coastal wetlands, shorelines and submerged land were in violation of the Constitution. A judge ruled against the developers in January.

McClash and the environmental groups now have 21 days to challenge FDEP's decision. McClash indicated that they would likely do so next week.

Lawmakers propose $50 million to restore beaches

Beach restoration is the latest area targeted for a slice of the money voters set aside two years ago for environmental preservation.

Sen. Jack Latvala, R-Clearwater, and Rep. Kathleen Peters, R-Treasure Island, announced Friday they want to match Gov. Rick Scott's request to allocate $50 million a year for beach restoration. The money would come from the state's Land Acquisition Trust Fund, which handles money from a 2014 constitutional amendment aimed at boosting land and water conservation.

The proposal (SB 1590 and HB 1213) would require the Department of Environmental Protection to develop a three-year plan for beach repairs. It also would refocus attention on sand management at inlets and rank the most serious erosion problems as priorities.

FWC continues seagrass research and conservation with new status report

The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) continues its conservation of valuable seagrass beds in Florida’s coastal waters with a second edition of its statewide report.

Scientists and collaborators from agencies across Florida, including researchers with the Seagrass Integrated Mapping and Monitoring Program of the FWC’s Fish and Wildlife Research Institute, published new information this month on seagrass health and status. Each of the 23 regional chapters includes color-coded status reports of seagrass health, as well as maps of the distribution of seagrass beds in each estuary or subregion.

More than 40 scientists from agencies across Florida work to map and monitor seagrasses statewide and report assessments of seagrass health online. Using available data, researchers estimated there are approximately 2.5 million acres of seagrass in estuaries and nearshore waters of Florida. These are the largest beds of seagrasses found in the continental United States. Florida seagrass beds are extremely valuable marine habitats. Many economically important fish and shellfish species depend on seagrass beds for their survival. Seagrasses provide food and shelter for endangered mammals and turtles, and also play a vital role in the ecosystem.

The seagrass monitoring program was developed in 2009 to protect and manage seagrasses in Florida by providing a collaborative resource for seagrass mapping, monitoring and data sharing. The statewide report provides a summary of the status of seagrasses in Florida.

The report’s second edition was funded by grants from the FWC’s State Wildlife Grants Program and the Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund administered by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.

The Seagrass Integrated Mapping and Monitoring Program’s statewide report and copies of individual regional chapters can be downloaded by going to MyFWC.com/Research, clicking “Habitat,” then “Seagrasses,” “Seagrass Projects” and “Active Projects.”

Trump takes aim at WOTUS rule

The “Waters of the United States” rule (WOTUS) was the definitive water-policy achievement of the Obama administration. Proponents said it clarified which waterways could be regulated by the federal government under the Clean Water Act. Jurisdiction under the law had become obscured by court decisions, WOTUS supporters said.

The rule has been in Republican crosshairs for years. President Trump strongly opposed it during his campaign. The agriculture industry and the GOP say the rule amounts to government overreach.

WOTUS is currently unenforceable due to court action. “A court stayed [WOTUS] days after it was finalized,” E&E News reported. “The Supreme Court agreed last month to take up the challenge brought by more than 30 states and many industry and farm groups,” the publication said.

Now Trump is getting ready to do away with the policy. The Washington Post reported this week that Trump is preparing an executive order to kill the regulation.

Manatee County wins comp plan challenge from Long Bar developer

The 2nd District Court of Appeal let stand a lower court judgment for Manatee County against Long Bar Pointe developers.

County Attorney Mitchell Palmer announced the appellate victory Feb. 24 to the seven-member board of commissioners in an email.

In the 2nd DCA appeal, Cargor Partners VIII and Long Bar Pointe LLLP challenged 12th Circuit Judge John Lakin’s January 2016 decision that upheld coastal policies in Manatee County’s comprehensive plan. The developers are Carlos Beruff and Larry Lieberman.

The developers’ suit was aimed at eliminating coastal regulations for their large-scale subdivision, Aqua by the Bay, about 5 miles southeast of Cortez on Sarasota Bay. Located off El Conquistador Parkway in Bradenton, nearly one-third of the property is submerged lands, including state-protected mangroves and seagrass.

It is still in the county development pipeline.The comp plan policies protect wetlands and submerged lands and restrict dredging of channels, canals and basins and prohibit construction of new boat ramps.

Trump begins dismantling Obama’s EPA rules today. First up: the Clean Water Rule

At first glance, it’s hard to see why the Clean Water Rule (also known as the “Waters of the US rule”) inspires such fury. It’s a technical regulation from the Environmental Protection Agency meant to clarify which streams and wetlands fall under federal clean water protections — a question that had been causing legal confusion for years.

But when the rule was published in June 2015, it triggered fierce blowback from farm and industry groups across the country. “Opponents condemn it as a massive power grab by Washington,” Politico reported, “saying it will give bureaucrats carte blanche to swoop in and penalize landowners every time a cow walks through a ditch.” Many of those criticisms were overblown, but the rule was widely cited by conservatives as a prime example of EPA overreach under President Obama. (The regulation is currently being tied up in court and hasn’t taken effect yet.)

Now Donald Trump wants to get rid of the rule — a first step in his ongoing efforts to dismantle Obama-era EPA protections. On Tuesday, he signed an executive order that asks new EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt to begin the long process of repealing the rule and replacing it with... something else.

Except here’s the catch: Rolling back this rule won’t be easy to do. By law, Pruitt has to go through the formal federal rulemaking process and replace Obama’s regulation with his own version — and then defend it in court as legally superior. And, as Pruitt’s about to find out, figuring out which bodies of water deserve protection is a maddeningly complex task that could take years.

Mote developing app so beachgoers can record red tide observations

Almost every day, Mote Marine Laboratory environmental health staff scientist Tracy Fanara gets a phone call or email from someone on the Gulf Coast experiencing the effects of red tide, a toxic algae bloom that has lingered since last September.

Whether the concern is from a tourist or a longtime resident, their response is often similar: they're coughing or seeing dead fish or wondering what that strange smell is in the air.

Now those noticing the effects of red tide during their trips to the beach can take matters into their own hands through Mote's latest venture, the Citizen Science App. Designed as an addition to their online Beach Conditions Reporting System, which details conditions observed by lifeguards and trained sentinels, the app allows users to report what they are experiencing — respiratory irritation, dead fish or water discoloration — along with their exact location. The information is compiled and listed on a separate "citizen reports" layer of the Beach Conditions Report. Although the app is being tested, Fanara says she hopes it will be ready in the next month.

Peace River Authority wants to double water storage capacity

A regional water authority owned by Sarasota, Manatee, Charlotte and DeSoto counties, which already maintains a 400-day emergency supply, intends to eventually double its storage capacity.

On Tuesday, Patrick Lehman, executive director of the Peace River Manasota Regional Water Supply Authority, talked about an upcoming strategy with "three elements": "storage, storage and more storage."

Lehman spoke during a meeting in Sarasota of the governing board of the Southwest Florida Water Management District, or Swiftmud, a funding partner of the authority on several projects.

Currently, the authority's treatment plant on the Peace River in DeSoto County can produce up to 51 million gallons per day. It provides water to the counties of Sarasota (13.66 mgd), Charlotte (11.79 mgd) and DeSoto (.97 mgd) and the city of North Port (1.5 mgd). It expects to eventually extend its 65-mile network of pipelines north to Manatee County, which may need about 5 million gallons per day as of 2034 if it does not create more sources within its borders.

Online tool explores sea level rise and coastal marsh health scenarios

A new online tool developed by the University of South Carolina, with funding through NCCOS’s Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise program (EESLR), allows users to evaluate scenarios of coastal saltmarsh health under a suite of sea level rise conditions. In addition to visualizing results through the web interface, users can download the results to create enhanced graphics for communicating results.

Users can input data relevant to any saltmarsh across the country, although, the data contains pre-calibrated settings for five estuaries, including Apalachicola and Grand Bay National Estuarine Research Reserves. These data are from field studies and adjust to represent a number of sea level rise and management scenarios such as: evaluation of marsh health and longevity through the addition of beneficial use sediments, impacts of measures to increase natural sediment deposition, and carbon sequestration potential.

The online tool is built on the latest version (5.4) of the Marsh Equilibrium Model (MEM). MEM evaluates the relationship between a suite of physical (e.g., water level and total suspended solids) and biological factors (e.g., marsh health and biomass production) over time. This zero-dimensional model is coupled with a hydrodynamic model (ADCIRC) to create a dynamic 2-dimensional marsh model called Hydro-MEM. Together these models advance our understanding of the complex relationships among coastal marshes, sea level rise, and hydrodynamics. Advancement of MEM and development of Hydro-MEM are two products from a long-term EESLR project in the northern Gulf of Mexico.